I appreciate Chris Hedges’ passion (“Vigilante Nation,” September), but as an American citizen I recognize that his fervour distorts the United States. Loaded phrases (“the lunatic fringe of the Republican Party,” “survivalist cult,” “language of violence”) are more emotional than reasoned. Yes, the US has a serious problem: too many mass shootings. Were the causes as simple and one-dimensional as Hedges contends, we might simply rely on legislation and gun control. But we can’t.
I would encourage anyone to read this cover story, but Canadians should not accept the writer’s perspective as the singular truth—or even a close approximation.
Misty A. Sampson
The Walrus traditionally provides a balanced view of how Canadians view Canada and the world. “Vigilante Nation” is an unfortunate exception.
American gun violence cannot be explained by Chris Hedges’ deplorable rant. The US lacks a revolutionary tradition, he claims. The government has absolved itself of true responsibility over gun control, because guns have never been turned against the state. Such bald, unsubstantiated assertions will only appeal to those readers who enjoy a good bashing of anything American.
“Vigilante Nation” is worth the price of admission—passionate, yet sad and troubling. It is one of the most provocative articles I’ve read in some time. Well researched and blunt, but also full of caring, this essay needs to be read and understood by every Canadian, especially those who govern us, and hopefully by our neighbours to the south.
Growing up in the US, I learned from teachers, John Wayne, the Lone Ranger, Zane Grey, radio, comic books, and Disney that the gun is America’s primary icon. I also learned that frontier history can evolve quickly into myth, empowering a nation with intense purpose, a political compass, and a moral justification for almost anything (so it was for the Greeks and the Romans, who enrobed their conquests in the mythic mantles of Homer and Virgil). The American Revolution, the Civil War, the Indian Wars each reinforced manifest destiny, and all were possible thanks to the likes of Smith & Wesson, Winchester, Remington, and Colt.
Let us remember Nietzsche’s observation that “madness is rare in the individual—but in groups, parties, peoples, and ages it is the rule.”
A class of their own
Maybe I would not envy the Ontario Teachers’ Pension Plan so much if my personal savings occupied a similar economic universe (“Pension Envy,” September). But such funds pay no tax—a point John Lorinc fails to make. For those of us who work for ourselves, capital gains and income tax do much more to stunt retirement growth than management fees do. Our more humble investments in small businesses and real estate do more to foster innovation, and to enhance social cohesion. Not everyone can aspire to the kind of wealth Ontario teachers have lucked in to.
For all the focus on drug abuse (“The Fix,” September), the elephant in the room—the drug that likely affects more families than all other substances combined—is still alcohol. Despite its pervasiveness, effective treatments and social supports remain limited. Today heavy smokers can access prescription drugs (Wellbutrin) to reduce their cravings; alcoholics have the Twelve Steps. We have come a long way in treating the abuse of illicit drugs, but we should focus on the seemingly pedestrian drug that hits closer to home for many of us.
Dan Werb's article THE FIX in @walrusmagazine offers interesting insight into combating drug use. You know, not just throwing ppl in jail..
—Mel Marginet (@mmarginet) August 18, 2013
In the Dark
In “Masters of the Universe” (September), Craille Maguire Gillies makes subtly misleading statements about dark matter (“thought by some to constitute more than 80 percent of the universe”). In fact, its existence is a consensus position among physicists; consistent evidence comes from multiple independent sources, including the motion of stars, the large-scale structure of the universe, and the cosmic microwave radiation formed in the early universe. Furthermore, the writer does not distinguish between the mass and energy composition of the universe. It is necessary to qualify that dark matter comprises over 80 percent of the mass but only 20 percent of the total energy. The dominant contribution comes from dark energy (distinct from dark matter and responsible for the universe’s accelerated expansion), which comprises about 70 percent.
My one complaint with Emily Landau’s excellent review of David Rakoff’s Love (“American Dreamer,” September) concerns her characterization of Christianity as a religion that “focuses on spirituality and the afterlife,” rather than action. This is an unfortunate caricature: churches offer shelter for the homeless, lobby on behalf of the poor and incarcerated, and so on. Landau could have discussed Rakoff’s ethos without such a polarizing and incorrect comparison.
—A.T. Kingsmith (@akingsmith) August 13, 2013
—Graham Larkin (@bglarkin) August 13, 2013
—Andrew Steeves (@andrewsteeves) August 19, 2013
This appeared in the November 2013 issue.